British Values and SMSC
Central to our school's ethos is the idea that each child should be prepared for living life in modern Britain.
This is achieved through embedding British Values (BV) and Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development (SMSC) throughout the curriculum.
The spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of each child is recognised as being of fundamental importance for the education of all children by Governors, staff and parents of our school. It is taught not only through all subjects, in particular Religious Education (R.E.) and Personal, Social, Health and Economic education (PHSE), but also through the school ethos and collective worship.
It supports all areas of learning and can contribute to the child's motivation to learn. It is recognised that such development will be most successful when the values and attitudes promoted by the staff provide a model of behaviour for the children.
To support our teaching of British Values and enhance our SMSC ethos, we not only promote these values through our curriculum, we explicitly teach specific values each half term.
This helps our children to understand some key values and identify that many of the same values are important for people regardless of background, culture, faith or beliefs. Our School Values
What is SMSC?
Spiritual Development relates to the quest for individual identity and the search for meaning and purpose in our existence. It is associated with a dimension of life which is not necessarily experienced through the physical senses, but has much to do with feelings and emotions, and attitudes and beliefs. Spiritual development is not solely linked to a particular doctrine or faith and is therefore accessible to everyone.
Moral Development is concerned with fundamental decisions about how we should behave and act and the reasons for such behaviour and decisions. It relates to the child's developing understanding of what is 'right', 'wrong' and 'fair'. Moral development in school tries to build upon the child's experience in the home, accepting that there might be different approaches between home and school
Social Development is concerned with the skills and personal qualities necessary for individuals to live and function effectively in society. In school we build on and support the functions of the home and wider community by helping to prepare our children to live in society.
Cultural Development allows the child to recognise that all cultural groups are distinctive. Culture is the embodiment of shared beliefs, knowledge, customs and values of that group. The child needs to appreciate the distinctive features of their own culture and those of others. This will help children to answer the questions "Who am I?" and "Where do I fit in?"
What are British Values?
- Rule of law
- Mutual respect
- Tolerance of those of different faiths and beliefs
Being Part of Britain
As a school we value and celebrate being part of Britain. In general terms, this means that we celebrate traditions and customs throughout the year; including, harvest festival, Remembrance Day, May Day, Easter services and Christmas celebrations! We also value and celebrate national, charity and sporting events.
Learning about being part of Britain is also part of our school curriculum and is taught in Early Years as they learn to understand the World they live in and through both Geography and History at Key Stage 1 (KS1).
Children, parents and staff have many opportunities for their voices to be heard.
Obvious example are our school council and Waterton Parliament. The election of the School Council members reflects our British electoral system and demonstrates democracy in action: candidates explain why they would like the role, pupils consider characteristics important for an elected representative and pupils vote in secret. This process is also used to elect roles for the Waterton Parliament.
Other examples of 'pupil voice' are:
Children agree their Class Vision and choose their own rewards for when they achieve their class target.
Children are regularly asked their opinions by different subject leaders and SLT to further improve subjects and areas within the school.
Pupils are always listened to by adults and are taught to listen carefully and with concern to each other, respecting the right of every individual to have their opinions and voices heard. One of our Golden Rules is Listen to others.
The Rule of Law.
The importance of rules and laws, whether they be those that govern our school or our country, are referred to and reinforced often, such as in assemblies and when reflecting on behaviour choices. The school has a set of Golden Rules which children learn and follow from Nursery. Rewards and sanctions are consistent throughout the school to encourage children to follow these rules.
Children are taught the value and reasons behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this involves, and the consequences when laws are broken.
These values are reinforced in different ways, including:
Visits from authorities such as the police and fire service;
During Religious Education, when rules for particular faiths are thought about;
During other school subjects, where there is respect and appreciation for different rules (in a sports lesson, for example).
Alongside rules and laws, we promote freedom of choice and the right to respectfully express views and beliefs. Through the provision of a safe, supportive environment and empowering education, we provide boundaries for our young pupils to make choices safely; for example:
Choices about what learning challenge or activity;
Choices around the participation in extra-curricular activities.
Our pupils are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and are taught how to exercise these safely, such as in our e-safety lessons.
Mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs:
Our pupils know and understand that it is expected and imperative that respect is shown to everyone, whatever differences we may have, and to everything, whether it is a school resource, a religious belief or whatever. Children learn that their behaviour choices have an effect on their own rights and those of others. All members of the school community should treat each other with respect.
This is also enhanced:
Through Religious Education and other lessons where we might develop awareness and appreciation of other cultures;
In English through fiction;
In Art, Music and Cooking by considering culture from other parts of the world.
Children gather daily, either as a class, a key stage or the whole school. These times include carefully planned assemblies to deliver the key British Values themes or themes based on the social and emotional aspects of learning (SEAL), assemblies to promote religious holidays or times to sing or reflect as a group. Our school week closes with a whole school assembly to celebrate the learning and achievements within our school.
We outline the discrete ways in which we teach British Values on our KS1 and EYFS long term plans, which can be viewed on the class pages.